After reading this chapter of the textbook, learning the vocabulary, and working through the review questions, students should be able to:
- Provide examples of sedimentary rocks and explain how they form.
- Name the common types of sediments.
- Describe the source materials, how each type of sediment forms, and common minerals in each type of sediment.
Describe how water, wind, and ice can transport sediments.
- Draw and label a cross-section showing the types of sedimentary basins and describe how each one forms.
- Describe the various terrestrial and marine sediment depositional environments. Describe the processes that transport sediments in each environment. Describe what types of sediments are generally found in each setting.
- Draw and describe how sedimentary structures form.
- Describe how sediments move from their source zone to the place where they are deposited.
Describe the various processes that transport sediment in streams.
Describe how the energy of stream water influences the size of particles a stream can carry.
Learning outcomes not covered in the textbook chapter in detail, but we may discuss them in class (depending on your professor):
Describe how sedimentary rocks are classified, and describe the common sedimentary rock types.
- Describe the processes of burial, lithification, and diagenesis.
Describe how the size, mineralogy, and angularity of particles change as they are transported downstream in a river.