13.1. Geological Structures and Mountain Building – Learning Outcomes

After reading this chapter of the textbook, learning the vocabulary, and working through the review questions, students should be able to:

  • Define deformation.
  • Describe the differential stresses that can lead to deformation.
  • Describe the three stages of strain that occur as stress is applied to a rock.
  • Define and describe the three types of deformation strain: elastic, ductile, and brittle deformation.
  • Describe the factors that control which kind of deformation occurs in a particular geological environment.
  • Describe the geologic features that are formed by strain, and the environments where each feature may form.
  • Describe and draw the different kinds of faults, and describe which environments they form in.
  • Describe and draw the different kinds of folds.
  • Describe the processes that can lead to mountain building, the different types of mountain settings, and how each relates to plate tectonics.
  • Define and draw examples of the terms strike and dip and describe how these measurements are used to describe geological structures.

Learning outcomes not covered in the textbook chapter in detail, but we may discuss them in class (depending on your professor):

  • Describe the characteristics of a geological map, and the kinds of field data geologists collect to prepare geological maps.


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Physical Geology Workbook Copyright © 2019 by Joyce M. McBeth is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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